TITLE: The Catalan Atlas. DATE: AUTHOR: Abraham Cresques. DESCRIPTION: This ‘atlas’ was the work of a family of Catalonian Jewish chart. This page contains the translations into English the legends of the Catalan Atlas ( ) as they appear in the different panels of this work attributed to Cresques. En pocas ocasiones un Mapamundi anónimo y sin fecha se ha podido documentar tan ampliamente como el Atlas Catalán que guarda la Biblioteca Nacional.
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It is richly illustrated and covers an area stretching from the Atlantic to China and from Scandinavia to the Rio Oro in Africa in six parchment-covered wooden panels.
This iconography largely takes the form of miniature banners and coats of arms. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details. It has been noted that the Catalan Atlas behaves as a sort of encyclopaedic compilation of European knowledge of the world in the late th century derived from the travel writings of sailors and explorers such as Marco Polo.
A Short History Oxford, Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. Thrower, Maps and Civilization: The Catalan Expedition to the East: Nevertheless, these questions will be used as guidelines for the analysis that follows.
Sheet 6 out of 12 Catalan Atlas Sheet 6. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it.
Abraham Cresques of Mallorca Mansa Musa. The fact that the Aragonese confederacy was largely held together by commercial and strategic considerations may help to explain why many modern scholars would find the non-political aspects of the Catalan Atlas more useful in understanding the imperial preoccupations of the Crown of Aragon than in attempting to explain the selective use of iconography. Sicily, like Majorca, became one of the most important Aragonese domains in the Mediterranean, but, unlike Majorca, Sicily was ruled far more independently of the Crown of Aragon.
File:Europe Mediterranean Catalan – Wikipedia
This page was last edited on 16 Mayat This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. Mansa Musa is shown sitting on a throne and holding a gold coin. This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Soon after the conquest of Aragonese conquest of Sicily, a significant event occurred in the East which shook Christendom to its core: If you have an image of similar quality that can be published under a suitable copyright licensebe sure to upload it, tag it, and nominate it. Probably the most brutal and costly conquest of the Aragonese was in their campaign against Sardinia, which they did not subjugate until the s, and even then only partially. The illustrations and most of the text are oriented towards the edges of the map, suggesting it was intended to be used by laying it flat and walking around it.
Another important aspect about Cresques that contributes to a broader understanding of the Catalan Atlas is that he came from a long line of Majorcan cartographers. These texts are accompanied by illustrations.
Reproduction of Catalan Atlas by Abraham Cresques circa 1375
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The knowledge of the Majorcan school of cartography was greatly expanded by the activities of the Catalans in the Mediterranean during the 13 th and 14 th centuries when they managed to bring large swathes of the sea under the domination of the Crown of Aragon. The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file pages on other projects are not listed:.
Indeed, the mercantilist nature of the Crown of Aragon is made clear by the Catalan Atlas ofas are the strategic calculations of the Catalans. The Arab Influence in Medieval Europe. Europe and North Africa.
Two Descendants of the Almohad Caliphs in 14th-c. Similarly, Sardinia was in constant rebellion against the Aragonese and was seeking Genoese aid, and thus was not under the complete authority of the Crown of Aragon. caatalan
ATLAS CATALБN – Mapamundi de los Cresques – Biblioteca Gonzalo de Berceo
Jewish cartographers in particular were highly skilled because of their access to both Hebrew and Arabic geographical knowledge, and this fact explains in part why Pedro IV chose to extend his patronage to Abraham Cresques. Featured pictures Abraham Cresques Wikipedia: Retrieved from ” https: This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art.
The texts and illustration emphasize the Earth’s spherical shape and the state of the known world. Brian Harley, cqtalan the most influential theorist in the field of the history of cartography, argues in favor of the latter.
Copyright Office before January 1, Horizontal resolution 96 dpi Vertical resolution 96 dpi. The Rise of the Aragonese-Catalan Empire, If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. Indeed, the Majorcan school of cartography remained important well into the fifteenth century and was instrumental in documenting and contributing to the role of the Catalans in the exploration and colonization of the eastern Atlantic Ocean, thus paving the way for the discovery of the New World.
Map of Europe and the Mediterranean from the Catalan Atlas ofsecond chart, first cartography. Atlws following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file pages on other projects are not listed:. At its apogee, the Crown of Aragon could only claim that it ruled the lands between catalsn western and eastern Mediterranean but they often exercised little real power over any of it.
It is the only known evidence of the famous gold coinage of Tadmekka. National Library of France, Paris.
The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca Cambridge,— Furthermore, the fact that the cartographer, Abraham Cresques, a Jewish Majorcan, cwtalan especially commissioned to draw the map by the king of Aragon, Pedro IV, highlights the important role of minorities within the Crown of Aragon and also the prominence of the Majorcan school of cartography in the western Mediterranean.
Gold atlaa or nuggets were melted in moulds such as this to produce pellets, which were worked into coins. New York University Press: