This specification covers both the Knoop and Vickers Hardness Tests when conducted using test forces in the 1 to gf. With the Vickers Hardness Test a diamond with an apical angle of ° is used. The Microindentation Hardness Test (commonly referred to as a micro hardness. Microhardness refers to indentation hardness tests and ASTM E is the standard test method for Knoop and Vickers hardness testing of materials. Request a. ASTM E Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials.

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Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed astm e384 are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

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Current edition approved Aug. Get astm e384 touch here. Vickers Hardness Testing of Metallic Material that was under the jurisdiction of.

However, because of the historical precedent and continued common usage, force values in gf and kgf units are provided for information and astm e384 of the discussion in this standard as well as the method of reporting the test results refers to these units. Hardness, although astm e384 in nature, can be correlated to tensile strength for many metals and alloys, and is also an indicator of machinability, wear resistance, toughness and ductility.

Atm micro-hardness is used to measure the hardness astm e384 areas as small as 0. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

To determine astm e384 differences requires a very small physical indentation. Our laboratory also provides laboratory services for plastic testingmetal testingrubber testingoil testingpaint testingplating astm e384awtm testingcircuit board testingand other testing. Materials or cross-sections of materials ee384 typically metallographically prepared mounted and polished prior to testing. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability aztm regulatory limitations prior to use.


Non-uniform materials often give inconsistent results. This standard is issued under astm e384 asfm designation E; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision.

Measuring hardness close to the edges of work astm e384 for anomalies. With this revision the test method asm expanded to include the requirements previously defined in E Typical applications include verifying surface hardness treatments, measuring coating hardness, measuring the hardness of thin films and foils, and characterizing astm e384 hardness profiles of welded materials.

The Vickers indenter usually produces a geometrically similar indentation at all test forces. Microhardness tests have been found to be very useful for materials evaluation, quality control of manufacturing processes and research and development efforts.

Overview Knoop or Vickers hardness numbers are determined based on astm e384 formation of a relatively astm e384 indentation made on the test surface of the sample being evaluated.

Usually the sample is cross sectioned, mounted ASTM E3 in epoxy, and polished to a mirror finish before testing.

Originally approved in Vickers tests at gf can be utilized for determination astm e384 the bulk hardness, but, as for any hardness test, it is recommended astm e384 a number of indents are made and the average and standard deviation are calculated, as needed or as required. Microhardness refers to indentation hardness tests performed by two common methods known as the Knoop and Vickers hardness test. Hardness profiles from the surface to the core of a sample allow measurement of effective case depth or depth of astm e384.

APM Testing astm e384 A2LA accredited services for Knoop micro-hardness testing at a fair price, with prompt delivery, and a detailed test report. The indenter is pushed into the sample using a fixed load which is usually grams but loads ranging from 10 to grams may be used.

Testers that create indents at very low test forces must be carefully constructed to accurately apply the test forces exactly at the desired location astm e384 must have a high-quality optical system to precisely measure the diagonal or diagonals of astm e384 small indents. In general, the Vickers indenter is better suited for determining bulk average properties as Vickers hardness is not altered by the choice of the test astm e384, from 25 to gf, because the indent geometry is constant as a function of astm e384 depth.

NOTE 2—While Committee E04 is primarily concerned with metals, the test astm e384 described are applicable to other materials. Microhardness Testing Specific fields of application of microhardness testing include: Low test forces also extend hardness testing to materials too thin or too small for macroindentation tests. Thus, the Knoop indenter is very useful for evaluating hardness gradients or thin coatings of sectioned samples.

Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.

While Committee Astm e384 is primarily concerned e34 metals, the test procedures described are applicable to other materials. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations astm e384 to use.

Small Samples unable to be tested by conventional methods. Please contact our sales department for additional information or cost estimation.

Results are reported in a table with up to ten indents per sample. ASTM E is a method of measuring micro-hardness by pushing a astm e384 shaped diamond indenter into a metal and then measuring astm e384 size of the indent using a microscope. The sample must be polished to a mirror finish and is usually cross sectioned and mounted ASTM E3 in epoxy prior to testing.